When a child who is dependent on care from others does not receive the necessary care or is exposed to violence from relatives, this is neglect. Violence constitutes an act carried out which may harm or is likely to harm the child's development. Neglect must be understood as an action which not been carried out which may harm or is likely to harm the child's development.
Neglect and abuse of children can be divided into these main groups, which may, however, overlap:
- Physical neglect
- Negligence in connection with supervision and control
- Negligence in connection with schooling
- Emotional/mental neglect
- Emotional/psychological abuse
- Physical violence
- Sexual violence
3. Health or life of unborn child at risk
Indirect and direct neglect and violence
A distinction is also made between indirect and direct neglect and violence. Indirect neglect and violence are when the child lacks something, i.e. that the basic needs are not sufficiently satisfied. Direct neglect and violence are when someone who is supposed to care for the child, instead does direct harm to the child, either with physical or psychological violence.
Care must be taken of a child who is exposed to neglect or violence. If you notice conditions that show that a child is not receiving the necessary care, you are obliged to inform the Child Welfare Services.